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Ssembatya, H., Kern, J., Oikonomou, K., Voisin, N., Burleyson, C., P Akdemir, K. (2024) “Dual Impacts of Space Heating Electrification and Climate Change Increase Uncertainties in Peak Load Behavior and Grid Capacity Requirements in Texas”. Earth’s Future.

Alvear, C., Haas, J., Palma-Behnke, R., Peer, R., Medina, J., Kern, J. (2024). “Green hydrogen exports in New Zealand and Chile can improve electricity supply security if configured as local energy insurance.” Energy.

Prieto-Miranda, L., Kern, J. (2024). “High-resolution, open-source modeling of inland flooding impacts on the North Carolina bulk electric power grid”. Environmental Research: Energy.

Akdemir, K., Oikonomou, K., Kern, J., Voisin, N., Ssembatya, H., Qian, J. (2024). “An Open source Framework for Balancing Computational Speed and Fidelity in Production Cost Models.” Environmental Research: Energy. DOI 10.1088/2753-3751/ad1751


Akdemir, K., Robertson, B., Oikonomou, K., Kern, J., Voisin, N., Hanif, S., Bhattacharya, S. (2023). “Opportunities for wave energy in bulk power system operations.” Applied Energy.

Zeighami, A., Kern, J.D., Yates, A., Weber, P., Bruno, A. (2023). “U.S. West Coast Droughts and Heat Waves Exacerbate Pollution Inequality and Can Undermine Emission Control Policies”. Nature Communications. 10.1038/s41467-023-37080-0


Kleiman, R., Characklis, G., Kern, J.D. (2022). “Managing Weather-Related Financial Risks in Algal Biofuel Production”. Renewable Energy. Volume 200, pages 111-124.

Denaro, S., Cuppari, R., Kern, J., Su, Y., Characklis, G. (2022). “Assessing the Bonneville Power Administration’s Financial Vulnerability to Hydrologic Variability“. Journal of Water Resources Planning and Management. Vol. 148, Issue 10. doi: 10.1061/(ASCE)WR.1943-5452.0001590

Koh, R., Kern, J.D., Galelli, S. (2022). “Hard-coupling water and power system models increases the complementarity of renewable energy sourcesApplied Energy. Vol. 321.

Akdemir, K., Kern, J.D., Lamontagne, J. (2022). “Assessing risks for New England’s wholesale electricity market from wind power losses during extreme winter storms“. Energy. Vol. 251.

Wessel, J., Kern, J.D., Voisin, N., Oikonomou, K., Haas, J. (2022). “Technology pathways could help drive the U.S. West Coast grid’s exposure to hydrometeorological uncertainty.” Earth’s Future. Volume 10, Issue 1.

Su, Y., Kern, J.D, Characklis, G. (2022). “The Effects of Retail Load Defection on a Major Electric Utility’s Exposure to Weather RiskJournal of Water Resources Planning and Management. Volume 148, Issue 3.

Oikonomou, K., Tarroja, B., Kern, J.D., Voisin, N. (2022). “Review of Core Process Representation in Power System Operational Models: Gaps, Challenges, and Opportunities for Multisector Dynamics Research.” Energy. Volume 238, Part C, 1 January 2022, 122049


Hill, J., Kern, J.D, Rupp, D., Voisin, N., Characklis, G. (2021). “The Effects of Climate Change on Interregional Electricity Market Dynamics on the U.S. West CoastEarth’s Future. Volume 9, Issue 12.

Lucy, Z., Kern, J. (2021). “Analysis of fixed volume swaps for hedging financial risk at large-scale wind projects.” Energy Economics. 103, 105603.

Kleiman, R., Characklis, G., Kern, J., Gerlach, R. (2021). “Characterizing weather-related biophysical and financial risks in algal biofuel production“. Applied Energy. Vol. 294.

Boyle, C., Haas, J., Kern, J. (2021). “Development of an irradiance-based weather derivative to hedge cloud risk for solar energy systems“. Renewable Energy. Vol. 164, p. 1230-1243.


Su, Y., Kern, J.D., Reed, P., Characklis, G. (2020). “Compound Hydrometeorological Extremes Across Multiple Timescales Drive Volatility in California Electricity Market Prices and Emissions”. Applied Energy.

Kern, J.D., Su, Y., Hill, J. (2020). “A retrospective study of the 2012-2016 California drought and its impacts on the power sector.” Environmental Research Letters. 15 094008

Su, Y., Kern, J., Denaro, S., Hill, J., Reed, P., Sun, Y., Cohen, J., Characklis, G. (2020). “An open source model for quantifying risks in bulk electric power systems from spatially and temporally correlated hydrometeorological processesEnvironmental Modelling and Software. Vol. 126.

Chowdhury, AFM K., Kern, J., Dang, T., Galelli, S. (2020) “PowNet: A Network Constrained Unit Commitment Economic Dispatch for Large Scale Power Systems Analysis”. Journal of Open Research Software. September 2019.


Wang, X., Virguez, E., Kern, J., Chen, L., Patino-Echeverri, D., Wang, H. (2019) “Integrating wind, photovoltaic, and large hydropower during the reservoir refilling period.” Energy Conversion and Management. Volume 198, October 2019.

Kern, J.D., Gorelick, D.E., Characklis, G.W., Macklin, C.M. (2019). “Multi-Objective Optimal Siting of Algal Biofuel Production with Municipal Wastewater Treatment in Watersheds with Nutrient Trading Markets.” Journal of Water Resources Planning and Management.

Anindito, Y., Haas, J., Olivares, M.A., Novak, W., Kern, J.D. (2019). “A new solution to mitigate hydropeaking? Batteries versus re-regulation reservoirs.” Journal of Cleaner Production. Vol. 210, pp. 477-489.


Kern, J.D., Characklis, G. (2017). “Evaluating the Financial Vulnerability of a Major Electric Utility in the Southeastern U.S. to Drought under Climate Uncertainty and an Evolving Generation Mix.” Environmental Science and Technology. Vol. 55(15), pp. 8815-8823.

Su, Y., Kern, J.D., Characklis, G. (2017). “The Impact of Wind Energy Growth and Hydrological Uncertainty on Financial Losses from Generation Oversupply in Hydropower Dominated Systems.” Applied Energy. Vol. 194, pp. 172-183.

Kern, J.D., Hise, A.M, Characklis, G.W., Gerlach, R., Viamajala, S., Gardner, R. (2017) “Using Life Cycle Assessment and Techno-Economic Analysis in a Real Options Framework to Inform the Design of Algal Biofuel Production Facilities.” Bioresource Technology.Vol. 225, pp. 418-428.

Kern, J.D., Characklis, G.W. (2017). “Low Natural Gas Prices and the Financial Cost of Ramp Rate Restrictions at Hydroelectric dams.” Energy Economics. Vol. 61, pp. 340-350.


Hise, A., Characklis, G., Kern, J., Gerlach, R., Viamajala, S., Gardner, R., Vadlamani, A. (2016). “Evaluating the Relative Impacts of Operational and Financial Factors on the Competitiveness of an Algal Biofuel Production Facility.” Bioresource Technology. Nov; 220. pp. 271-281


Kern, J.D., Characklis, G.W., Foster, B. (2015). “Natural Gas Price Uncertainty and the Cost Effectiveness of Hedging Against Low Hydropower Revenues Caused by Drought.” Water Resources Research. Vol. 51, No. 4, pp. 2412-2427.

Foster, B., Kern, J.D., Characklis, G.W. (2015). “Mitigating Hydrologic Financial Risk in Hydropower Generation Using Index-Based Financial Instruments.” Water Resources and Economics. Vol. 10, pp. 45-67.


Kern, J.D., Patino-Echeverri, D., Characklis, G.W. (2014). “An Integrated Reservoir-Power System Model for Evaluating the Impact of Wind Power Integration on Hydropower Resources.” Renewable Energy, Vol. 71, November 2014, pp. 553-562.

Kern, J.D., Patino-Echeverri, D., Characklis, G.W. (2014). “The Impacts of Wind Power Integration on Sub-Daily Variation in River Flows Downstream of Hydroelectric Dams.” Environmental Science and Technology.Vol. 48, No. 16, pp. 9844-9851.


Kern, J.D., Characklis, G.W., Doyle, M.D., Blumsack, S. and R.B. Whisnant (2012). “The Influence of Deregulated Electricity Markets on Hydropower Generation and Downstream Flow Regime” Journal of Water Resources Planning and Management, Vol. 138, No. 4: pp. 342-355