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Kleiman, R., Characklis, G., Kern, J., Gerlach, R. (2021). “Characterizing weather-related biophysical and financial risks in algal biofuel production“. Applied Energy. Vol. 294.

Boyle, C., Haas, J., Kern, J. (2021). “Development of an irradiance-based weather derivative to hedge cloud risk for solar energy systems“. Renewable Energy. Vol. 164, p. 1230-1243.


Su, Y., Kern, J.D., Reed, P., Characklis, G. (2020). “Compound Hydrometeorological Extremes Across Multiple Timescales Drive Volatility in California Electricity Market Prices and Emissions”. Applied Energy.

Kern, J.D., Su, Y., Hill, J. (2020). “A retrospective study of the 2012-2016 California drought and its impacts on the power sector.” Environmental Research Letters. 15 094008

Su, Y., Kern, J., Denaro, S., Hill, J., Reed, P., Sun, Y., Cohen, J., Characklis, G. (2020). “An open source model for quantifying risks in bulk electric power systems from spatially and temporally correlated hydrometeorological processes” Environmental Modelling and Software. Vol. 126.

Chowdhury, AFM K., Kern, J., Dang, T., Galelli, S. (2020) “PowNet: A Network Constrained Unit Commitment Economic Dispatch for Large Scale Power Systems Analysis”. Journal of Open Research Software. September 2019.


Wang, X., Virguez, E., Kern, J., Chen, L., Patino-Echeverri, D., Wang, H. (2019) “Integrating wind, photovoltaic, and large hydropower during the reservoir refilling period.” Energy Conversion and Management. Volume 198, October 2019.

Kern, J.D., Gorelick, D.E., Characklis, G.W., Macklin, C.M. (2019). “Multi-Objective Optimal Siting of Algal Biofuel Production with Municipal Wastewater Treatment in Watersheds with Nutrient Trading Markets.” Journal of Water Resources Planning and Management.

Anindito, Y., Haas, J., Olivares, M.A., Novak, W., Kern, J.D. (2019). “A new solution to mitigate hydropeaking? Batteries versus re-regulation reservoirs.” Journal of Cleaner Production. Vol. 210, pp. 477-489.


Kern, J.D., Characklis, G. (2017). “Evaluating the Financial Vulnerability of a Major Electric Utility in the Southeastern U.S. to Drought under Climate Uncertainty and an Evolving Generation Mix.” Environmental Science and Technology. Vol. 55(15), pp. 8815-8823.

Su, Y., Kern, J.D., Characklis, G. (2017). “The Impact of Wind Energy Growth and Hydrological Uncertainty on Financial Losses from Generation Oversupply in Hydropower Dominated Systems.” Applied Energy. Vol. 194, pp. 172-183.

Kern, J.D., Hise, A.M, Characklis, G.W., Gerlach, R., Viamajala, S., Gardner, R. (2017) “Using Life Cycle Assessment and Techno-Economic Analysis in a Real Options Framework to Inform the Design of Algal Biofuel Production Facilities.” Bioresource Technology.Vol. 225, pp. 418-428.

Kern, J.D., Characklis, G.W. (2017). “Low Natural Gas Prices and the Financial Cost of Ramp Rate Restrictions at Hydroelectric dams.” Energy Economics. Vol. 61, pp. 340-350.


Hise, A., Characklis, G., Kern, J., Gerlach, R., Viamajala, S., Gardner, R., Vadlamani, A. (2016). “Evaluating the Relative Impacts of Operational and Financial Factors on the Competitiveness of an Algal Biofuel Production Facility.” Bioresource Technology. Nov; 220. pp. 271-281


Kern, J.D., Characklis, G.W., Foster, B. (2015). “Natural Gas Price Uncertainty and the Cost Effectiveness of Hedging Against Low Hydropower Revenues Caused by Drought.” Water Resources Research. Vol. 51, No. 4, pp. 2412-2427.

Foster, B., Kern, J.D., Characklis, G.W. (2015). “Mitigating Hydrologic Financial Risk in Hydropower Generation Using Index-Based Financial Instruments.” Water Resources and Economics. Vol. 10, pp. 45-67.


Kern, J.D., Patino-Echeverri, D., Characklis, G.W. (2014). “An Integrated Reservoir-Power System Model for Evaluating the Impact of Wind Power Integration on Hydropower Resources.” Renewable Energy, Vol. 71, November 2014, pp. 553-562.

Kern, J.D., Patino-Echeverri, D., Characklis, G.W. (2014). “The Impacts of Wind Power Integration on Sub-Daily Variation in River Flows Downstream of Hydroelectric Dams.” Environmental Science and Technology.Vol. 48, No. 16, pp. 9844-9851.


Kern, J.D., Characklis, G.W., Doyle, M.D., Blumsack, S. and R.B. Whisnant (2012). “The Influence of Deregulated Electricity Markets on Hydropower Generation and Downstream Flow Regime” Journal of Water Resources Planning and Management, Vol. 138, No. 4: pp. 342-355